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Costa Rica

Costa Rica #1 and #1a were printed in sheets of 100 (10 x 10) by the "American Bank Note Co. New-York.", and this inscription appears twice in each margin, near the second and eighth positions. The tops of the letters are always toward the stamps so they appear inverted in relation to the stamps in the top row. I had a chance to examine a full sheet of both #1 and #1a and found that there were very few stamps that could truly be graded fine (with the perfs at least clearing the design on all four sides). There were only nine in the full sheet of #1, and only 15 in the full sheet of #1a.

Costa Rica Genuine


1863, Costa Rica, #1, Genuine

Costa Rica

(1.) Perf 12.
(2.) Narrow margins.
(3.) Background is composed of thin, straight, delicate, horizontal lines with some breaks in them.
(4.) The first and second of these lines are sometimes quite close together.
(5.) The eighth of these lines, counting from the very top, touches the top of the circular value t containing the numeral "1/2".
(6.) The second spear from the left has a double head.
(7.) The five stars are all the same size and shape.
(8.) The outer points of the stars on the left and right do not touch the edge of the leaf shield.
(9.) The thick side leaves of the shield issue forth from cups at each end of the ornament just above the "Medio Real" value t.
(10.) There are five pearls, some of which are incomplete, near the rims of each of these cups.
(11.) The leaves of the ornamental shield extend under the value t "Medio Real".
(12.) There is a circular knob at each end of these leaves under this value t.
(13.) Exp:do. Ref: Rev. Earee.


1863, Costa Rica, #1a, Genuine, Top margin copy

Costa Rica

(1.) Perf 12.
(2.) Narrow margins.
(3.) No shading in the sky, or under the ship in the distant background.
(4.) Top margin copy with a portion of the American Bank Note Co. inscription in the top margin. See note above.
(5.) All other notes are the same as for #1 above.
(6.) Exp:do. Ref: Rev. Earee


1863, Costa Rica, #1a, Genuine, Left margin copy

Costa Rica

(1.) Perf 12.
(2.) Narrow margins.
(3.) Very little shading in the sky or under the ship in the distant background.
(4.) Left margin copy with a portion of the American Bank Note Co. inscription in the left margin. See note above.
(5.) All other notes are the same as for #1 above.
(6.) Exp:do. Ref: Rev. Earee.

Costa Rica Forgeries


Forgery of Costa Rica #1, Rev. Earee First Forgery

Costa Rica

(1.) Perf 12.75.
(2.) Wide margins.
(3.) The background lines are heavier, thicker and more broken than the genuine.
(4.) The eighth of these lines does not come down enough to touch the top of the circular label containing the denomination "1/2".
(5.) The spear heads are not light and slender as the genuine but rather dark and stubby.
(6.) The second spear from the left does not have a double head. They all have single heads.
(7.) The last star on the right is misshapen with the lower point much longer than the rest.
(8.) The outer points of the stars on the left and the right touch the edges of the leaf shield.
(9.) There are no pearls at the rims of the cups from which the leaves issue.
(10.) The leaves of the shield do not extend under the "Medio Real" value t.
(11.) Exp:do. Ref: Earee.


Rev. Earee Second Forgery of Costa Rica #1, Of Unknown Origin

Costa Rica

(1.) Perf 12.5.
(2.) Wide margins.
(3.) There is a frame line around the entire stamp which the genuine does not have.
(4.) There are dividing lines between the stamps which are not on the genuine.
(5.) The background lines are heavier, not straight, and more broken than the genuine.
(6.) There are only five horizontal background lines above the value t containing "1/2", and the fifth does not come low enough to touch it.
(7.) The second spear from the left has a double head as the genuine, but it does not match.
(8.) The star point on the left almost touches the leaf shield. It is much closer than on the genuine.
(9.) The leaves of the shield do extend under the "Medio Real" value t, but the left end does not have a circular knob as the genuine has.
(10.) Exp:do. Ref: Earee


Rev. Earee Second Forgery of Costa Rica #1, Imperforate

Costa Rica

(1.) This is the same forgery as the one above but imperforate, or more accurately stated, with the perfs trimmed off.
(2.) All the comments of the forgery above apply to this one as well, but a few more can be added.
(3.) The cancel on this forgery is the same as the one above, but inverted, showing a different part of the stamp.
(4.) The stars are all a little different from each other. The one in the center has six points instead of five.
(5.) There is a period after the "L" of Real, which is not on the genuine.
(6.) The word "Real" is much farther from the end of the ribbon than on the genuine.
(7.) This forgery is larger than the genuine, measuring 21.5 mm wide x 25.75 mm tall. The genuine is 20.5 mm wide x 25.25 mm tall.
(8.) Exp: do, Ref: Rev. Earee.