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Peru, Pacific Steam Navigation Company


Peru Genuine


1857 Peru #1, Genuine

Peru

(1.) Thick blued wove paper (approximately .0049" average, this stamp has gum).
(2.) The serifs at the back of the "P" touch the 3rd vertical line of the background, counting from the left. The shadow of the "P" ends at the 16th line.
(3.) The dot after the "P" from its left side to the shadow on its right side is situated between the 12th and 16th lines from the left.
(4.) The curve at the back of the "S" at the upper part of the stamp touches the 15th line from the right, and the shadow at the right of this top part of the "S" ends between the 5th and 6th lines from the right.
(5.) The serifs at the left vertical stroke of the "N" touch the 2nd line from the left. The shadow of the "N" extends almost to the 13th line from the left.
(6.) The "C" and the dot after it are situated between the 2nd and 16th lines from the right.
(7.) The 2 solid lines around the perimeter of the oval are close together (about .1 mm apart).
(8.) There are 49 "chain links" around the perimeter of the oval including one partially hidden by the "1" of the fraction for "1/2 oz.".
(9.) Exp: Behr cert. Notes: do. Ref: Earee.

Peru Forgery


Forgery of Peru #1 in Blue, Rev. Earee First Forgery

Peru

(1.) White wove paper thinner than the genuine (.0030", no gum).
(2.) The serifs at the back of the "P" touch the 3rd vertical line of the background counting from the left, and its shadow ends at the 14th line from the left.
(3.) The dot after the "P" from its left edge to the right side of the shadow is located between the 10th and 13th lines from the left.
(4.) The curve at the back of the "S" at the top part of the stamp touches the 14th line counting from the right. Its shadow ends at the 6th line from the right.
(5.) The "N" is located between the 2nd and 14th lines from the left.
(6.) The curved back of the "C" touches the 14th line counting from the right. Its shadow reaches to the very first line at the right.
(7.) The 2 solid lines around the perimeter of the oval are farther apart than the ones on the genuine (about .2 mm apart).
(8.) There are 51 "chain links" at the perimeter of the oval plus two others that are mostly hidden by the "1" of the fraction "1/2 oz."
(9.) Exp: do. Ref: Earee.


Forgery of Peru #1 in Green, Rev. Earee First Forgery

Peru

(1.) The serifs at the vertical stroke of "P" touch the 3rd vertical line of the background counting from the left.
(2.) The shadow of the "P" ends at the 14th line.
(3.) The dot after the "P" starts at the 10th line and its shadow ends at the 13th line counting from the left.
(4.) The curved back of the "S" at the top part of the stamp touches the 14th line from the right. Its shadow ends at the 6th line from the right.
(5.) The "N" is located between the 2nd and 14th lines from the left.
(6.) The curved back of the "C" touches the 14th line counting from the right. The end of its shadow is at the very first line on the right.
(7.) The 2 solid lines around the perimeter of the oval are farther apart than they are on the genuine (about .2 mm apart).
(8.) There are 51 links in the chain pattern at the perimeter of the oval plus two others that are mostly hidden by the "1" of the fraction "1/2 oz.".
(9.) Exp: do. Ref: Earee.


Forgery of Peru #1 in Green, Rev. Earee Third Forgery

Peru

(1.) White wove paper thinner than the genuine (approximately .0032").
(2.) The serifs at the vertical stroke of the "P" touch the 3rd line of the background counting from the left. The shadow after the "P" touches the 16th line from the left.
(3.) The dot after the "P" is pushed right into the shadow of the "P" and ends at the 14th line from the left. This is the only stamp described by Rev. Earee in which this dot is pushed into the shadow of the "P". In both the genuine and the other 2 forgeries the dot is entirely outside of the shadow of the "P".
(4.) The curved back of the "S" at the top part of the stamp touches the 15th line from the right, and the shadow touches the 6th line from the right.
(5.) The bottom serif at the tail of the "S" is cut off by the central oval.
(6.) The serifs of the "N" touch the 2nd line from the left, and its shadow touches the 12th line from the left.
(7.) The dot after the "N" touches the 14th line from the left, and its shadow ends at the 17th line from the left.
(8.) The curved back of the "C" touches the 14th line from the right and its shadow comes up to the 5th line from the right.
(9.) The dot after the "C" starts at the shadow of the "C" and its own shadow ends between the 2nd and 3rd lines from the right.
(10.) There are 49 links in the chain pattern at the perimeter of the oval, including one which is partially hidden behind the "1" of the fraction for "1/2 oz".
(11.) Exp: do. Ref: Rev. Earee.


Forgery of Peru #1 in Red, Rev. Earee Third Forgery

Peru

(1.) Thin white wove paper (approximately .0027" without gum).
(2.) The serifs at the back of the "P" touch the 3rd line of the background, counting from the left.
(3.) The shadow of the "P" touches the 16th line from the left.
(4.) The dot after the "P" is pushed right into the shadow of the "P" and ends at the 14th line from the left. This is the only stamp described by Rev. Earee in which this dot is pushed into the shadow of the "P". In both the genuine and the other 2 forgeries this dot is entirely outside of the shadow of the "P".
(5.) The curved back of the "S" at the upper part of the stamp touches the 15th line from the right, and the shadow touches the 6th line from the right.
(6.) The bottom serif at the tail of the "S" is cut off by the central oval.
(7.) The serifs of the "N" touch the 2nd line from the left, and its shadow touches the 12th line from the left.
(8.) The dot after the "N" touches the 14th line from the left, and its shadow ends at the 17th line from the left.
(9.) The curved back of the "C" touches the 14th line from the right, and its shadow ends at the 5th line from the right.
(10.) The dot after the "C" starts at the shadow of the "C", and its own shadow ends between the 2nd and 3rd lines from the right.
(11.) There are 49 links in the chain pattern at the perimeter of the oval, including one that is partially hidden behind the "1" of the fraction for "1/2 oz.".
(12.) Exp: do. Ref: Rev. Earee.


Forgery of Peru #1 in Red, Not Matching any of the Stamps Described by Rev. Earee

Peru

(1.) Thin white wove paper.
(2.) The "P" including its serifs and shadow is located between the 6th and 17th lines of the background, counting from the left.
(3.) There is no dot at all after the "P".
(4.) The curved back of the "S" at the upper part of the stamp touches the 13th line counting from the right, and its shadow ends at the 5th line from the right.
(5.) The two solid lines at the perimeter of the oval are approximately 2.5 mm apart.
(6.) There is no chain link pattern at the perimeter of the oval.
(7.) Both the "1/2" and the "z" are smaller type than the genuine.
(8.) The oval does not touch the frame line at the top, bottom, or either side as the genuine does.
(9.) Exp: do. Ref: Rev. Earee


Forgery of Peru #2 in Blue, Rev. Earee Third Forgery.

Peru

(1.) Printed on thin white wove paper in blue. The genuine #2 is printed in brown red on blued wove paper.
(2.) The ship sails in the wrong direction (toward the left). In the genuine Scott #2 the ship sails toward the right.
(3.) The serifs at the back of the "P" touch the 3rd line of background shading counting from the left.
(4.) The shadow after the "P" touches the 16th line from the left.
(5.) The dot after the "P" is pushed right into the shadow of the "P", and ends at the 14th line from the left, as the other examples of this Third Forgery.
(6.) The curved back of the "S" at the upper part of the stamp touches the 15th line from the right, and the shadow touches the 6th line from the right.
(7.) The bottom serif at the tail of the "S" is cut off by the central oval.
(8.) The serifs of the "N" touch the 2nd line from the left, and its shadow touches the 12th line from the left.
(9.) The dot after the "N" touches the 14th line from the left, and its shadow ends at the 17th line from the left.
(10.) The curved back of the "C" touches the 14th line from the right, and its shadow ends at the 5th line from the right.
(11.) The dot after the "C" starts at the shadow of the "C", and its own shadow ends between the 2nd and 3rd lines from the right.
(12.) There are 49 complete links in the chain pattern at the perimeter of the central oval.
(13.) The numeral "1" of "1 oz" of Scott #2 is shorter than the fraction "1/2" of "1/2 oz" of Scott #1 permitting the chain link above it to show completely.
(14.) Exp: do. Ref: Earee.

23-May-2017